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Effects of long-term inhaled corticosteroid treatment on fragility fractures in older women: the Manitoba BMD registry study.

Osteoporos Int. 2020 Mar 02;: Authors: Ng BC, Leslie WD, Johnson KM, FitzGerald JM, Sadatsafavi M, Chen W 

INTRODUCTION: Inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) are frequently used in older women with chronic respiratory diseases. There is insufficient evidence regarding the association between long-term ICS use and the risk of fragility fractures in this population. METHODS: We used linked Manitoba health administrative databases and the provincial bone mineral density (BMD) registry (1996-2013) to identify women ≥ 40 years of age with asthma and/or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) within 3 years preceding the baseline BMD test. We followed them until the first major osteoporotic fracture or end of study, whichever came first. ICS use, stratified by exposure tertiles, was measured within the 12-month period following the baseline BMD test (by total days and quantity, primary outcome), and over the entire follow-up period (by medication possession ratio (MPR) and average annual dose, secondary outcome). The hazard ratio of fracture with ICS use was estimated using a Cox proportional hazards model, controlling for baseline determinants of fracture. RESULTS: Of 6880 older women with asthma (38%) or COPD (62%), 810 (12%) experienced a major osteoporotic fracture over a mean follow-up of 7.7 years (SD = 3.9). ICS use at any tertile was not associated with an increased risk of fracture (dispensed days, p = 0.90; dispensed quantity, p = 0.67). Similarly, ICS use at any tertile during the entire follow-up period was not associated with an increased risk of fracture (MPR, p = 0.62; average annual dose, p = 0.58). CONCLUSION: Our findings do not support an increased risk of major osteoporotic fracture in older women with chronic respiratory diseases due to long-term ICS use. PMID: 32123939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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